Trees up to 8 m tall.
Trunk with branched and simple thorns; bark brownish, smooth; blaze cream.
Young branchlets terete, fulvous hirsute.
Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; petiole 0.4-0.9 cm long, planoconvex in cross section, pubescent; lamina 7-18 x 4-8 cm, narrow elliptic-oblong, apex acuminate, base acute, margin crenate, coriaceous, pubescent on midrib beneath, sometimes on nerves also, drying brown, coriaceous; midrib flat or slightly raised above; 3-5 nerved at base; secondary nerves 4-9 pairs; tertiary nerves reticulo-percurrent.
Flowers unisexual, dioecious in axillary cymes.
Berry, red when ripe, globose, fleshy; 1-seeded.
Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu.
State - Kerala, District/s: Thiruvananthapuram, Palakkad, Kozhikkode, Kasaragode, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
Southern Western Ghats.