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Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India
A checklist of all species of Ficus L. available in the present political boundary of India is provided. About 115 taxa
(89 species and 26 infraspecific taxa) of Ficus have been recorded here based on all available information. The taxa have been
arranged according to the current classification among six subgenera and 12 sections. The maximum number of the species belongs
to subgenera Urostigma. For each species, correct nomenclature with first citation followed by several relevant works and important
synonyms has been provided along with Indian as well as world distribution. The taxonomic comments have also been provided for
many species, if found necessary. Out of the 115 taxa occurring in India, only 10 taxa have been recorded as endemic. One new
combination Ficus hirta Vahl subsp. triloba (Buch.-Ham. ex Voigt) Chaudhary has been proposed. In India, the species are
distributed throughout the country from South to North up to the Himalayas at about 2,000 m elevations. The maximum diversity of
the species lies in the North-East region followed by the Peninsular region and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The province like
Meghalaya in the North-East region has very rich diversity of Ficus as far as the number of species is concerned.
Lal Babu Chaudhary(1*), Jana Venkata Sudhakar(2), Anoop Kumar(1), Omesh Bajpai(1), Rinkey Tiwari(1) and G. V. S. Murthy(2) Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012